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TURKEY guide



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Turkey General Information


UK nationals must be in possession of a full passport, valid for 6 months from the arrival date. Entry visas are also required and can be purchased on arrival. For all other nations, please contact the Consulate for full entry requirements (details under useful addresses).


Coastal resorts, popular with tourists, enjoy a Mediterranean climate with hot dry summers, averaging between 25 and 30 degrees Centigrade. Winters are mild and wet.


Turkish is the official language but English. French and German are widely spoken.


Time Difference

GMT + 2 (GMT + 3 from last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October). 


There are no compulsory vaccinations required at present. Please consult your local GP for the latest information and advice as regulations can change at short notice.

What Clothes to Take


Pack lightweight fabrics during summer months, warmer clothing and rainwear during the winter. 


Food and Drink

Turkish food combines culinary traditions from the people's nomadic past in Central Asia with influences of the Middle Eastern and Mediterranean cuisine. Guests are usually able to go into a kitchen and choose from the pots if they cannot understand the names of the dishes. Alcohol is enjoyed, although during Ramadan it is considered polite for visitors to avoid drinking alcohol in public.

National specialities include:
Köfte (spicy sausage-shaped meatballs made of minced lamb).
• Shish kebab (pieces of meat threaded on a skewer and grilled).
• Pide (the Turkish equivalent of pizza topped with cheese and eggs).
• Dolma (vine leaves or vegetables stuffed with pine nuts and currants).
• Lokum (Turkish Delight - originally made from dates, honey, roses and jasmine bound by Arabic gum and designed to sweeten the breath after coffee).

National drinks include:
• Raki (anisette), known as 'lion's milk', which clouds when water is added. Drinking raki is a ritual and is traditionally accompanied by a variety of meze (small savoury appetizers).
• Ayran (a refreshing yoghurt drink).
• Çay (tea - usually drunk black and strong and served in small tulip-shaped glasses).
Strong black Turkish coffee (traditionally brewed over hot coals and served very sweet).
Turkish beer, red and white wines.


 First Aid Kit


A small first aid kit is useful and could contain plasters, antiseptic cream, anti-insect cream (before and after) and sunburn lotion. Stomach upsets are not common but it is wise to carry preparations to combat diarrhoea, just in case!


Tipping is similar to the UK; 10-15% depending on the service. Some restaurants & hotels will automatically add a 10% gratuity. If in doubt, just ask.



It is advisable to avoid bringing items of great value such as jewellery. Observe sensible precautions – use safety deposit boxes in hotels for passports and money and take care of your handbag or wallet when in crowded areas.


Getting About

 Traffic in Turkey drives on the right.

Tourists usually take taxis to get around as they are reasonably priced and reliable. All have a meter, which must be switched on at the start of the journey. A dolmuş is a collective taxi or minibus that follows specific routes. Each passenger pays according to the distance travelled, with fares fixed by the municipality. This is a very practical means of transport and much cheaper than a taxi. Taxis may turn into a dolmuş and vice versa according to demand.

Best Buys

A Turkish carpet is a rare piece of art that will decorate your house. It is a form of craft prevalent in Turkey since ancient times. Today they are the most popular shopping item for foreigners. Gold and silver jewellery are also popular purchases, and although the prices of gold and silver are fixed internationally, jewellery items in Turkey are cheaper than in many other places. Turkey is also famous for its leather goods, and some of the finest leather items manufactured in Turkey often find their way to shops in Italy. Traditional hand painted ceramics and porcelain made in Iznik, Istanbul and Kutahya, make attractive gifts items. Similarly, copper vessels - which were common during the Ottoman Empire - make for a good collection of antique.


Useful Addresses 

Embassy of the Republic of Turkey in the UK

43 Belgrave Square, London SW1X 8PA, UK
Tel: (020) 7393 0202.
Opening Hours: Mon-Fri 0900-1730 (appointment only).

Turkish Consulate General in the UK

Rutland Lodge, Rutland Gardens, London SW7 1BW, UK
Tel: (020) 7591 6900 or 09068 347 348 (recorded visa information; calls cost 60p per minute).
Opening hours: Mon-Fri 0900-1230 (visas).

Turkish Culture and Tourism Office in the UK

4th Floor, 29-30 St James's Street, London SW1A 1HB, UK
Tel: (020) 7839 7778.



About Bodrum


Bodrum is the dreamland of those who answer as “yes” the question “Would you like to go on a holiday after work every day?”

Bodrum is an inviting, colorful crowd full of surprises, sometimes a humble wiseacre and a loose wise man, sometimes it is an alone crazy, it is freedom, love; Bordum is sun, sea, and all it is history… In short Bodrum is everything and everybody. Because everybody has it is own Bodrum here. Some live a modest, peaceful and quiet life, some live crazily madly. Bodrum is a White that bears all colors and also internalizes them. It rains different here and also the sun rise different and sets completely different. Wind blows different, sea smells else. Bodrum is the naughtiest, the haughtiest, the most inert, the most beautiful, the most honest and the most frank child of Nature Mother.

Today, Bodrum is one of the most important centers of trade, art and entertainment as it has been since centuries ago… This coastal town in which traditional and modern life go along hand in hand in an excellent harmony opens it arms for those who want to be acquainted with her and live her.


Where to go in Bodrum?

Going to Bodrum is a passion that’s never out of fashion.  Bodrum is a lifestyle. And whatever else is said about Bodrum, there’s no doubt it’s fast becoming one of the top destinations in Turkey, if not the world, with its increasing fan base and growing reputation.

The small peninsula has it all - the best in sea and scenery, the traditional and the modern, history and culture, entertainment and relaxation.  Each forming a piece of the Bodrum jigsaw, Gümüşlük, Yalıkavak,Turgutreis, Torba, Ortakent, Gölköy, Türkbüküand Gündoğanall have their own character and unique charm, yet remain unmistakably part of Bodrum’s overall appeal.

Then, completing the picture, Mazı, KızılağaçYalıçiftlik, although not on the peninsula itself, complement the bustling and cosmopolitan centre with their unspoilt natural beauty and traditional way of life.

Bordum Castle

A visit to Bodrum Castle of St. Peter is definitely must-see in Bodrum, and many visitors are surprised to find such riveting blend of modern and ancient behind those imposing stone walls.

Whether viewed from the sea or the land, Bodrum’s famous castle is an impressive example of medieval architecture. Construction of the castle took years to complete and occupying some 30.000 square feet at its base. In its days, the castle was a monumental symbol of the unity of Christian Europe against the ascending power of the Ottoman Empire .

The castle is in excellent condition, it now houses a one of the world's finest museums (with exhibits on underwater archaeology). Mostly stones used in the construction come from the tomb of king Mausoleum of Halicarnassus. Mausoleum’s massive construction survived for centuries until an earthquake brought it down in medieval times. The knights used the ruins as a stone quarry. In 1522, while reinforcing the castle, they even discovered the funerary chamber of the king, whose treasures were quickly looted. In the 15th century AD, the Knights of St John invaded the region ( whose headquarters were on Rhodes Island ) and began constructing the castle that we see today.

The Bodrum Museum of Underwater Archaeology is not just a dusty collection of lifeless relics, it is an original, creative and also exiting experience. Here monuments, jewellery and seals from the Old Bronze Age, Archaic, Classic, Hellenistic Periods are displayed so it is a trip into a fascinating past through to life in exhibits that take you back in time into the worlds of ancient mariners who sailed to meet their destiny shipwrecked on Anatolian shores or to the medieval Age of Knights who built this castle from stones that once were part of one of the The Mausoleum of Halicarnasus. 




  Tuesday Market

At any time of the year markets are one of the greatest attractions and pleasures for locals as for tourists, with their bright colours and delicious mingled scents. Bodrum's Tuesday market is famous for textile, with local fabrics from all over the region on sale.
The riot of patterns and colours appealing to all tastes gives the marketplace a fairground atmosphere. As well as fabrics, there are rugs, kilims, carpets, kitchen ware, and clothing of all description. 



Ephesus is about 160 km ( 100 miles ) North of Bodrum and can be reached in approximately two and a half hours by car. A visit to Ephesus is definitely the most important archeological and historical trip not only in Turkey but also on the World. Ephesus is one of the highlights of Turkey. St. Paul lived in Ephesus in the 60's AD, it was at it's Roman golden age with a population around 250,000. Ephesus was a great ancient city and much of it has been preserved for visitors to see.

More than any other site, you can walk on marble streets, stand in the great theatre, wander in the library, see the ancient Roman toilets, brothel and baths, and feel that you are walking back into ancient history. When you join the tour to Ephesus you can visit The House of Virgin Mary, The church of St John, The Temple of Artemis which was one of the seven wonders of the world or Museum in the same day. The House of Virgin Mary is where it is believed St. Mary came to live to this house in the last years of her life. This house is declared as a pilgirimage place for Catholics. Today it is used as a church which has mass everyday. People believe that Virgin mary came to this area with St. John and also St. John spent his last days and buried here.


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